Current Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA)

True Tamplin

Written by True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
Updated on September 15, 2021

Definition

In current cost accounting (CCA), the cost of sales is calculated based on the cost of replacing the goods at the time they are sold. The important principle is that current costs must be matched with current revenues.

Sales are current revenues and, out of the costs, all operating expenses are current costs. In the case of inventories, certain adjustments must be made, which is referred to as the cost of sales adjustment (COSA).

Cost of Sales Adjustment Formula

COSA can be calculated using the following formula:
Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA) Formula
where

  • C = Historical cost of closing stock
  • O = Historical cost of opening stock
  • Ia = Average Index number
  • Ic = Index number appropriate to closing stock
  • Io = Index number appropriate to opening stock

Example

Calculate the cost of sales adjustment (COSA) using the following information:

Historical Cost Index Number
$ $
Opening Stock 52,000 100
Purchases 220,000 110
(Average)
Total Goods 272,000
Less: Closing Stock 72,000 120
Cost of Sales 200,000

Solution

To solve this, start with the COSA formula mentioned above and substitute in the correct values from the table above. In particular:

COSA = (72,000 – 52,000) – 110 (72,000 / 120 – 52,000 / 120)
= 20,000 – 110 (600 – 520)
= 20,000 – 8,800
=$11,200

Another approach is to calculate COSA as follows:
Current Cost of Sales (COSA) Example
COSA = Current cost of sales – Historical cost of sales
= 2,11,200 – 2,00,000
= $11,200

Contact the experts

Getting the hang of accounting computations does not require you to merely memorize formulas. Understanding is key! Get help from the experts by connecting to a financial advisor in Brentwood, TN or scan through our financial advisor page to connect with one in your area.

True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.

True contributes to his own finance dictionary, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.

To learn more about True, visit his personal website, view his author profile on Amazon, his interview on CBS, or check out his speaker profile on the CFA Institute website.

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