Functions and Limitations of Accounting

True Tamplin

Written by True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
Updated on August 24, 2021

Functions of Accounting

The functions of accounting are:

Managing Resources

The first function of accounting is to manage the resources held by specific entities.

Reflection of Claims

Its purpose is to reflect the claims on business.

Measurement of Changes

Its purpose is also to measure the level of changes in the claims against the business.

Division of Specific Periods

Another purpose of Accounting is to divide the change on to specifiable periods of time.

Expansion in Terms of Money

Last but not least to express the above in terms of money as a common denominator is also an important function of Accounting.

Limitations of Accounting

  1. Accounting does not reflect the current financial position of the business as it is historical in nature.
  2. In accounting, the financial statement profit & loss account has a tendency to match the current revenues with historical costs and not with current expenses.
  3. Inflation is not considered in accounting statements.
  4. Accounting statements do not always provide comparable data because accounting principles are not static.
  5. Increase in net assets value which is not considered to be realized are not reflected by profit & loss account.
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.

True contributes to his own finance dictionary, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.

To learn more about True, visit his personal website, view his author profile on Amazon, his interview on CBS, or check out his speaker profile on the CFA Institute website.

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