Cost Accounting Formulas
The following formulas are useful in cost accounting to determine different types of costs.
Prime cost = Direct materials consumed + Direct labor
Factory cost = Direct materials + Direct labor + Factory overhead
Cost of goods manufactured = Direct materials consumed + Direct labor + Factory overhead + Opening work-in-progress (WIP)- Closing WIP
Cost of goods sold = Direct materials consumed + Direct labor + Factory overhead + Opening WIP – Closing WIP + Opening finished goods – Closing finished goods
About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.
True contributes to his own finance dictionary, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.