Explanation

If a recorded transaction shows that both accounts have the correct debits and credits, the debit and credit entries in the ledger align and the trial balance remains unaffected.

Effect on Accounts

The debited account is credited and the credited account is debited.

Rectification Entry

The correct entry should have twice the amount to erase the effect of the incorrect entry and establish the correct entry.

Example

Interest charged by the bank, $148, was entered in the debit side of the cash book and posted to the credit of the interest account.

Journal Rectification Entry

Frequently Asked Questions

The account balance as per cash book is $3456. After following the complete reversal of entries, what would be the balance as per cash book?

After complete reversal of entries, the company's cash book will show a debit balance instead of a credit balance and that too double the actual amount. Now, if we follow this formula, then the credit balance should be double of the debit balance which means $6912 should be the answer.

What information do we gain by following the complete reversal of entries method?

By using the complete reversal of entries method, we will get an idea about the errors in transactions and we will be able to pinpoint which transaction is wrong.

How does the debit and credit treatment of accounts affect the numerical value of their balances?

The numerical value of an account's balance is also affected by debit and credit treatment. For example, if there is a $10 debit balance in an account, it means that it has a negative balance and its total assets are lower than its total liabilities. By contrast, a credit balance means that the account's assets are greater than its liabilities.

What is the difference between complete and partial reversal of entries?

Partial reversal means undoing only a portion of transactions while complete reversal means undoing all the transactions done in error. Thus, it becomes necessary to reverse all transactions because we can't undo some and leave other as they are as this will affect other future transactions as well.

What is the most appropriate term to classify a reversing entry?

A reversing entry can be termed as journal entry which is used for recording transactions after accounting errors.

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