Problem 1: Redemption of Preference Shares at Premium
On 1 July 2000, a limited company issued 10,000 redeemable preference shares valued at $10 per share. The shares were redeemable at a premium of 10%.
Two-fifths of the company’s issue was redeemed out of profits on 10 January 2004. On 20 January 2004, the company issued 20,000 equity shares at $10 each at a premium of $4 per share. Out of the proceeds of the issue, the balance of redeemable preference shares was redeemed.
Required: Make journal entries to record these transactions in the company’s books.
Problem 2: Redemption of Shares at Premium, Partly Out of Profits and Partly Out of Fresh Issue
A company issued 50,000 equity shares at $10 per share and 3,000 redemption preference shares at $100 each. All shares were fully called and paid up.
On 31 March 2004, the profit and loss account showed an undistributed profit of $50,000. The general reserve account stood at $120,000.
On 2 April 2004, the directors decided to issue 1,500 6% preference shares at $100 per share for cash. They also redeemed the existing preference shares at $105, utilizing as much profits as required for the purpose.
- Show the journal entries to record these transactions
- Prepare a summarized balance sheet showing the company’s position on completion of the redemption
On 31 March 2004, the cash balance amounted to $185,000 and Sundry Creditors stood at $87,000.
Problem 3: Where Minimum Number of Equity Shares Is to Be Issued for Redemptions
The summarized balance sheet of a company is given as follows:
The redeemable preference shares will be redeemed at a premium of 10%.
The company’s directors wish that only the minimum number of fresh equity shares of $10 each at a premium of 5% be issued to provide for the redemption of such preference shares, as could not otherwise be redeemed.
Required: Give the journal entries and prepare the balance sheet after redemption.
To calculate the minimum number of fresh shares to be issued, first let the dollar value of shares to be issued equal X.