Age Limitations to Consider When Handling IRAs
Age matters. Age is a large contributing factor when it comes to retirement savings. It defines when your funds can be accessible or how much money you can contribute to your retirement accounts depending on the type of retirement account that you have chosen.
Age Limits for IRAs in Terms of Contributions
The age limit for IRA contributions differs on what type of IRA account you are holding.
Contributions to traditional IRAs can be made at any age.
There is no age limit set for Roth IRA contributions.
Just like Roth IRAs, SEP IRAs do not have age limits in terms of contributions made to the account. Employers will not be restricted from contributing to your SEP IRA plans regardless of your age.
No age limit is set for SIMPLE IRAs in terms of making contributions to the plan. This likewise means that employers should make matching or non-elective contributions to the plan no matter how old you are.
Age Limits for IRAs in Terms of RMDs
Specific age limits also apply in terms of the required minimum distributions (RMDs) per each type of IRA account.
RMDs for traditional IRAs apply at 70 1/2 or 72 depending on when you were born.
Generally, there is no RMD set for Roth IRAs except for beneficiaries of the account in order for them to avoid penalties.
RMD should begin at age 72 or 70 1/2 years depending on when you were born.
Just like SEP IRAs, the plan owner has to start taking RMDs when he reaches the age of 70 1/2 or 72 largely depending on his or her birthdate.
Other Age Limit Considerations for IRAs
Age Limits for IRAs in Terms of Rollovers, Conversions, or Transfers
No matter which type of retirement account you have, no age limits are set when it comes to the processing of rollovers, conversions, or transfers. These transactions may be done at any time.
At what age can I start contributing to my IRA?
Traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, and SIMPLE IRAs do not impose a specific age when one can start making contributions to the account. On the other hand, SEP IRAs have set 21 years as the age when one can start making contributions to the account.
At what age can I start accessing my retirement funds?
In general, most retirement plans only charge penalties when funds are withdrawn prior to reaching the age of 59 1/2. If one has reached that mark or is faced with certain circumstances, the IRS will waive the early withdrawal penalty. In terms of after-tax contributions to Roth IRAs, withdrawals may be made from the contributions without suffering the penalties since the contributions have already been taxed initially. The 10% penalty will still apply if the withdrawal was made from the earnings of the account prior to reaching the age of 59 1/2.
No matter which type of retirement account you have, age limits should always be considered. This is because it will determine how much money you can access after reaching a certain age or whether or not you will be charged penalties for withdrawing funds from your IRA accounts before the designated time frame has passed.
About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.
True is a Certified Educator in Personal Finance (CEPF®), author of The Handy Financial Ratios Guide, a member of the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing, contributes to his financial education site, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.