How Long Are Bankruptcies on Your Credit Report?
Written by True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
Updated on June 21, 2021
When Does Bankruptcy Clear from Your Credit Report?
Bankruptcies clear from credit reports after 10 years.
If you apply for a loan or life insurance policy greater than $150,000 or you apply for a job with an annual income greater than $75,000, credit agencies may report your bankruptcy for longer, but practically speaking, most will erase the bankruptcy after 10 years.
How to Get Bankruptcy off of Your Credit Report Early
To get a bankruptcy off your credit report early, you have to file a dispute with the three credit bureaus (TransUnion, Experian, and Equifax).
The easiest method is to look through your bankruptcy paperwork with a fine tooth comb and dispute any (even minor) inaccuracies.
How Long Are Bankruptcies on Your Credit Report FAQs
What is Bankruptcy?
What Is Bankruptcy? The Three Chapters of Bankruptcy
There are three common types of bankruptcy known as “chapters”in the U.S. bankruptcy code, Ch. 7, Ch. 11, and Ch. 13, each with varying criteria and consequences.
Ch. 7 Bankruptcy
The most common type of bankruptcy is Chapter 7.
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is known as “straight”or “liquidation”bankruptcy.
It is designed to give a “fresh start”by discharging debts that cannot be repaid through the liquidation of the debtor’s assets.
Upon filing Chapter 7, a trustee is appointed to sell the debtor’s non-exempt assets and distribute the proceeds to creditors.
For individuals, the law exempts certain assets such as retirement funds, primary residence, tools for their trade, and personal vehicles from being liquidated to pay back creditors.
This pays back creditors some of what they are owed and protects individuals from having all of their livelihood taken from them.
Ch. 11 Bankruptcy
Chapter 11 bankruptcy is primarily for companies, allowing them a break on paying their debts in order to restructure, come up with new terms for paying their creditors, and become profitable again.
This allows companies to stay afloat while coming up with a new way to pay back creditors.
Chapter 11 is the most complex and expensive form of a bankruptcy proceeding and should therefore be considered after other options have been explored.
Ch. 13 Bankruptcy
Chapter 13 bankruptcy, known as a “Debtor in Possession”Bankruptcy, stands in contrast with Chapter 7 because it allows the individuals to keep from liquidating their property.
Chapter 13 creates a new, more affordable payment plan for the debtor to repay creditors, usually lasting 3 to 5 years.
Once the payment plan is finished, the remaining unsecured debts are discharged.