Purchase Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
Purchase APR, also called Purchase Annual Percentage Rate, is the interest rate expressed as an annual percentage that a credit card company will charge you when you start making purchases on your credit card.
It can be different from your normal Annual Percentage Rate (APR), which relates only to the balance of your account and not purchases made on it.
Purchase APR is one of the credit card terms that you should be aware of because it can cost you more than your normal APR.
Why Is Purchase APR Important?
Purchase APR is an important part of any type of credit card transaction because it determines how much you pay for using the card.
Along with your monthly or annual fee, Purchase APR is one of the two factors in your card’s interest rate and is one of the main components when it comes to calculating how much you pay in interest charges.
Purchase APR can be key when it comes to making sure you don’t overspend on purchases or make a large purchase that could lead to debt problems.
How Do Purchase APR Rates Work?
Purchase APR is an interest rate and as such is expressed as a percentage.
This number shows how much you will be charged in terms of annual interest every time you purchase your credit card.
How to Calculate Purchase APR?
To calculate the Purchase APR, this formula is used:
For example, if your Purchase APR is 25% and you have made purchases totaling $500 during the month, then your total Purchase APR would equal $125.
The Purchase APR calculation is usually displayed along with the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) when looking at different types of credit cards.
Purchases are calculated monthly and they usually include purchases made on regular shopping trips or even larger transactions like car rentals or hotel stays.
Fixed vs Variable Purchase APR
In general, Purchase APR is either fixed or variable.
Fixed Purchase APR
A fixed Purchase APR will stay the same as long as you have a balance on your new card.
However, if you make a late payment, the Purchase APR could rise and if you miss more than three consecutive payments it may increase even more until you pay everything off.
Variable Purchase APR
With a variable Purchase APR, the amount of interest charged can change depending on an index rate set periodically by your credit card company.
Lately, credit card companies have been giving their customers this type of Purchase APR because it allows them to charge their client’s fair interest rates for purchases at times when market interest rates go up.
It also gives them the flexibility to offer lower Purchase APR to attract new customers during periods of low economic activity, but the Purchase APR remains the same even if market interest rates go up.
Factors That Influence Purchase APR
Many factors influence Purchase APR rates, some of which are as follows:
- Changes in the Federal Reserve’s Discount Rate
- Change in the Prime Rate
- Inflation/Decrease of Inflation
Ways to Avoid High Purchase APR
While you do not have much choice in determining whether or not you will get a Purchase APR discount, there are things you can do to make sure your future Purchase APRs are as low as possible.
You can avoid high-interest rates by either paying off what you purchase right away or by doing the following:
- Keeping track of all transactions made throughout the month
- Requesting that your credit card company raise your credit limit so that you don’t have to put purchases on it just to meet monthly expenses
- Making payments more frequently so you pay less in interest
- Not making purchases on the card when you have a low balance
- Paying off your Purchase APR before it starts to accumulate interest
- Be realistic about how much you can afford to spend. If you are spending more than what you have available on your credit limit, chances are high that you will be charged more for this extra expense.
- Don’t take out cash advances unless necessary. Cash advances often have higher Purchase APRs than purchases so taking one out might lead you to pay more than you expected.
- Purchase items that you can afford. This way, even if your Purchase APR is high, you won’t be left with money problems as a result of your purchase.
Whenever you use your credit card to make a purchase, Purchase APR will either be fixed or variable.
Fixed Purchase APR charges remain the same as long as you have a balance and change only if you miss more than three consecutive payments.
Variable Purchase APR changes depending on an index rate set by your credit card company and is usually lower than fixed Purchase APRs.
Some Purchase APRs can double or even triple due to late payments and missed payments. If possible, try to make more frequent payments and pay off what you purchase right away.
Do not take out cash advances unless necessary because your Purchase APR will be higher than if you used the card for a regular purchase.
About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.
True is a Certified Educator in Personal Finance (CEPF®), a member of the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing, contributes to his financial education site, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.