What Is Voluntary Employees' Beneficiary Association Plan (VEBA)?

Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary Association Plan (VEBA) Definition

A Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary Association Plan, or VEBA, is a tax-exempt trust used by its members and certain dependents to pay for eligible medical expenses.

This plan is funded by an employer and does not require employee contributions, however the employee must be covered by an employer-sponsored health plan to qualify for VEBA membership.

Are VEBA Withdrawals Taxable?

Unlike a 401(k), for example, withdrawals from a VEBA plan are not taxable if made before age 59  ½.

Withdrawals are also not required to begin at age 70  ½.

Funds in a VEBA plan accumulate tax-free and there are no penalties placed upon employees who take distributions for qualified medical expenses, which include copays, coinsurance, and deductibles, as well as vision and dental expenses.

Are VEBA Accounts Exclusive to Retirement?

Although these accounts are often used as savings vehicles for post-retirement medical expenses, employees can still take advantage of their VEBA while working.

While VEBA plans are subject to some parts of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, or ERISA, that are not considered qualified retirement plans.

What is VEBA (Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary Association Plan) FAQs

VEBA stands for Voluntary Employees' Beneficiary Association Plan.
A Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary Association Plan, or VEBA, is a tax-exempt trust used by its members and certain dependents to pay for eligible medical expenses.
A VEBA plan is funded by an employer and does not require employee contributions, however, the employee must be covered by an employer-sponsored health plan to qualify for VEBA membership.
Unlike a 401(k), for example, withdrawals from a VEBA plan are not taxable if made before age 59 ½.
While VEBA plans are subject to some parts of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, or ERISA, they are not considered qualified retirement plans.

True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

About the Author
True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.

True is a Certified Educator in Personal Finance (CEPF®), a member of the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing, contributes to his financial education site, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University, where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.

To learn more about True, visit his personal website, view his author profile on Amazon, or check out his speaker profile on the CFA Institute website.