Treasury Stock

What is a Treasury Stock? – Definition Treasury stock is the corporation’s own capital stock, either common or preferred, that has been issued and subsequently reacquired by the firm, but not canceled. Explanation Such stock, held in the corporate treasury, loses its right to vote, receive dividends, or receive assets upon liquidation. In computing EPS, … Read more

Accounting methods for treasury stock

Accounting practice for treasury stock encompasses two general approaches: The cost method Par value method It is important to note that precise rules do not exist for either method. The following discussions focus on the most straightforward types of transactions; further, the equity accounts used are consistent with the simplified concept. That is, the general … Read more

Cost method of treasury stock

Definition The cost method is based on the assumption that the acquisition of treasury stock is essentially a temporary reduction in stockholders’ equity that will be reversed when the shares are reissued. It is widely used because of its simplicity. Explanation At the time of acquisition of the shares, the Treasury Stock account is debited … Read more

Par value method of treasury stock

The par value method is based on the assumption that the acquisition of treasury stock is essentially a permanent reduction in stockholders’ equity. The entries used in the method are thus structured as if the shares have been retired. At the time of acquisition, the Treasury Stock account is debited for the par value of … Read more

Retirement of treasury stock

Occasionally, a corporation may repurchase its stock with the intent to retire it rather than to hold it in the treasury. Essentially, a corporation retires its stock for some of the same reasons that it purchases treasury stock. Like treasury stock transactions, income or loss for the current period is not affected, nor can retained … Read more

Convertible preferred stock

Conversion In some situations, stock of one class may be changed to stock of another class. The primary events producing this result are conversions and recapitalizations. Convertible preferred stock can be exchanged for shares of common stock at the request of the holder. Conversion can be forced, however, if the stock is also callable. Convertible … Read more

Warrants

What is Warrants? Corporations occasionally issue a special kind of equity security known as warrants. The holder of a warrant has the right to purchase a specified number of shares of stock at a stated price before an expiration date. Warrants, which are also known as stock rights and stock options, are often marketable and … Read more

Equity compensation

As a method of obtaining agreement between the personal goals of employees and the goals of the stockholders, many corporations provide their key employees with part of their compensation either in the form of equity securities or based upon the value of the firm’s stock. Compensation can be provided through shares of stock, warrants, and … Read more

Stock appreciation rights (SAR)

As an alternative to presenting employees with shares or warrants, many companies grant them stock appreciation rights. Under these arrangements, the employees do not have to buy shares but are rewarded just as if they owned them. For example, an executive might be entitled to receive a cash payment after four years equal in amount … Read more

Quasi-reorganization

The overall objective of accounting is to provide information to investors and creditors to help them assess the likelihood, amounts, and timing of cash flows to be received from the firm. Accountants maintain that this objective is most likely to be met if the financial statements are presented in accordance with GAAP. However, if it … Read more