Home Equity Line of Credit vs Loan
Written by True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®
Updated on June 21, 2021
Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)
- Continuous stream of funds
- Variable interest
- Minimum monthly payments
- Interest charged on funds spent
- Generally smaller sized principal
Home Equity Loan
- Lump sum
- Fixed interest
- Mandatory monthly payments
- Interest charged on whole amount
- Generally larger principal
Home Equity Line of Credit vs Loan FAQs
Line of Credit (LOC) Definition
What Is a Line of Credit and How Does it Work? Revolving vs Non-Revolving
Lines of credit will either remain open, or will close, once the loan has been repaid.
Revolving lines of credit are considered “revolving”because an individual’s credit is replenished when some or all of the outstanding debt has been paid off.
In contrast, a non-revolving line of credit is closed once the account is fully paid off, such as a student loan or mortgage.
Non-revolving credit usually has a lower interest rate.
How does a Line of Credit Work? Secured vs Unsecured
A home equity loan is an example of a collateralized loan, whereby the home is the collateral and will be claimed by the creditor in the event of a default on the loan.
Credit card loans are almost always unsecured, which causes creditors to take on more risk and is why credit card interest rates are generally higher and the borrowing limits are generally lower than secured loans.